W niniejszym wpisie przedstawiam 100 wyrażeń, które będą bardzo przydatne, dla wszystkich tych, którzy piszą lub chcą pisać po angielsku. Warto, aby zapoznali się z nimi zarówno autorzy prac naukowych, szkolnych wypracowań, jak i ci, którzy próbują swoich sił w anglojęzycznym blogowaniu.

Wszystkie zwroty zostały podzielone na kategorie związane z organizacją tekstu: wprowadanie argumentów, uzasadnianie, wyrażanie opinii, zgadzanie się oraz niezgadzanie się, doprecyzowanie swoich myśli, argumentów, przedstawianie różnic, ppodsumowywanie – przedstawianie wniosków.

Przedstawianie kolejnych argumentów:
1.    To begin with – na początek – To begin with, you have to remember that…
2.    First of all/ firstly/ secondly – przede wszystkim/ po pierwsze/ po drugie – Firstly, it’s not true that…
3.    As for – co do – As for functions, there are all of them.
4.    As regards – co się tyczy – As regards the introduced options, they are very useful.
5.    Then – poza tym, następnie – I agree and then there is another aspect.
6.    Besides – zresztą, oprócz tego – It’s too long and besides I don’t like the author’s style.
7.    What is more – co więcej – His attitude is wrong and what’s more, he seems to be a layman.
8.    Further – co więcej – Further, the author has to reconsider his claims.
9.    Furthermore – ponadto – Furthermore, I neglect such a view.
10.    Moreover – ponadto – The idea is not reasonable and moreover it’s unreal.

Uzasadnianie:
11.    Thus – tak więc – Thus, the whole project cannot be implemented.
12.    Thereby – tym samym – He broke all the rules and thereby, he was expelled.
13.    Therefore – dlatego (też) – Profits, therefore, were down last time.
14.    Because – ponieważ – I argue with you because you are completely wrong.
15.    Since – ponieważ – I decided to write it since I was asked to do so.
16.    As – gdyż –As you always come too late, I decided not to wait for you.
17.    Accordingly – z tego powodu, w związku z tym – He won the election and accordingly he became a chairman.
18.    In consequence – w konsekwencji – He did it and in consequence he was on time.
19.    Hence – stąd, w związku z tym, dlatego też – He had credentials and hence they employed him.

Wyrażanie opinii:
20.    I would say that – powiedziałbym, że – I would say that such a view is unacceptable.
21.    It seems to me that – wydaje mi się, że – It seems to me that his arguments are difficult to prove.
22.    In my opinion – moim zdaniem – In my opinion, it is not worth its price.
23.    I am of the opinion that – jestem zdania, że – I am of the opinion that it is impossible.
24.    I am of the view that – uważam, że – I am of the view that it is very probable.
25.    As for – co do, jeśli chodzi o – As for me, I would have done it.
26.    To my mind – według mnie – To my mind, it is nonsense.
27.    As far as I know – Z tego, co wiem – As far as I know it works in a different way.
28.    As far as I am concerned – jeśli o mnie chodzi – As far as I am concerned they can do what they want.
29.    According to (sb) – według (kogoś innego niż ja) – According to the author…
30.    I reckon (that) – uważam, że – I reckon these allegations are unjustified.
31.    I opine (that) – uważam, że – I opine that such a statement is ridiculous.
32.    I hold the view that – reprezentuję pogląd/zdanie, że –I hold the view that it cannot be correct.
33.    From sb’s standpoint – z czyjegoś punktu widzenia – Try to think of it from my standpoint.
34.    I think (that) – uważam, że – I think the authors exaggerate.
35.    I have every reason to believe that – mam wszelkie powody, by sądzić, że –I have every reason to believe that it could not happen for real.
36.    Judging from/by – sądząc po – Judging from the facts it is possible.
37.    I suppose (that) – sądzę, że – I suppose he did not consider the elementary rules.
38.    I guess (that) – zgaduję, że – I guess he wrote it himself.
39.    I claim (that) – twierdzę/utrzymuję, że – He claims he followed the instructions.
40.    I assert that – twierdzę/zapewniam, że – I assert that the thesis is to be substantiated.
41.    I maintain (that) – upieram się/obstaję przy tym, że – He maintained his innocence.
42.    I consider sb (to be) – uważam kogoś za – I consider the author (to be) a great novelist.
43.    I believe (that) – sądzić, uważać, przypuszczać – I believe (that) this conclusion is legitimate.
44.    I am convinced that - jestem przekonany, że – I am convinced that it may happen.

Zgadzanie się:
45.    I agree – zgadzam się – I agree with you.
46.    I accept – akceptuję – I accept these arguments.
47.    Be correct – zgadzać się, być prawidłowym – Your thinking is correct.
48.    Tally with – zgadzać się z – It tallies with my calculations.
49.    Be positive – być przekonanym – He is positive that they did it.
50.    Confirm – potwierdzać – I confirm his arguments.
51.    Approve of – aprobować – I approve of his conclusions.
52.    Support – popierać – I support the solution he suggested.
53.    I am in sympathy with sb – popieram kogoś – I am in sympathy with the author.
54.    I sympathise with – popieram – I sympathise with his opinion.

Niezgadzanie się:
55.    I disagree – nie zgadzam się – I disagree with you.
56.    I protest against – protestuję przeciwko – I protest against such behaviour.
57.    Reject – odrzucać, nie akceptować – I reject this ideology.
58.    I negate – neguję – I negate such thinking.
59.    Disapprove of – nie pochwalać, potępiać – I disapprove of such thinking.
60.    Oppose – sprzeciwiać się – I had to openly oppose him because he was completely wrong.
61.    Object – sprzeciwiać się – I object to be called in such a way.
62.    I differ with sb – nie zgadzam się z kimś – I differ with him on this issue.

Precyzowanie danej myśli:
63.    What I mean is that – chcę powiedzieć, że – What I mean is that it is not going to be easy.
64.    I mean (to say) – to znaczy – His approach is inappropriate, I mean (to say) it lacks theoretical basis.
65.    What I am getting at is (that) – chodzi mi o to, że – What I am getting at is (that) you are not being realistic.
66.    The point is (that) – chodzi o to, że – The point is (that) I just cannot agree.
67.    In other words – inaczej mówiąc- In other word, the software is full of bugs.
68.    That is to say – to znaczy, czyli – Sociolinguistics, that is to say the study of a language in a society is often underestimated.
69.    Make oneself clear – wyrażać się jasno – I will make myself clear.
70.    I will put it this way – ujmę to w ten sposób – I will put it this way, If you want to succeed you have to concentrate on your goals.

Wyrażanie różnic:
71.    Actually – faktycznie, w rzeczywistości – It is a well known fact, actually.
72.    In fact – faktycznie, de facto – In fact, I am completely against your suggestion.
73.    In a way – w pewnym sensie – I know your thinking is not correct, but in a way, I can understand such reasoning.
74.    To a certain extent – do pewnego stopnia – I agree with the author to a certain extent, but…
75.    Anyway – w każdym razie, tak czy inaczej – anyway, I think that…
76.    As a rule – z reguły – As a rule, he is never wrong.
77.    On the one hand – z jednej strony – On the one hand, it is what I need.
78.    On the other hand – z drugiej strony – On the other hand, it is too complicated.
79.    Still – jednak – The novel is hard to read; still, it is interesting.
80.    Yet – jednak, mimo to – She is not a mathematician and yet her skills are amusing.
81.    However – jednak(że) – I usually drink coffee. Today, however, I am having a cup of tea.
82.    On the contrary – przeciwnie – He is not tall, on the contrary, he is really short.
83.    In spite of – (po)mimo – In spite of evidence, they did not believe him.
84.    Nevertheless – pomimo to, niemniej jednak – Nevertheless, it is still valued by scholars.
85.    Nonetheless - pomimo to, niemniej jednak – Nonetheless, it is important to him.
86.    Notwithstanding – jednakże, mimo wszystko, mimo to – He is a decent man, notwithstanding I do not like him.
87.    In contrast to/with – w odróznieniu od – In contrast to his father he is very famous.
88.    But – (a) mimo to, (a) jednak – The story is strange but true.
89.    But then (again) – ale z drugiej strony, ale przecież – But then such methods are practical.

Podsumowywanie:
90.    Finally – wreszcie, w końcu – Finally, I would like to concentrate on the main issue.
91.    In short – krótko mówiąć – In short, it was outrageous.
92.    All things considered – w sumie – All things considered, he is a happy man.
93.    To sum up – podsumowując – To sum up, there are advantages and disadvantages.
94.    To recap – podsumowując – To recap, it can be accepted.
95.    To conclude – na zakończenie – To conclude, the translator domesticated the story.
96.    In conclusion – kończąc – I would like to say in conclusion, that I admire them.
97.    As a conclusion – kończąc – As a conclusion we may quote the poet…
98.    Generally speaking – ogólnie rzecz biorąc – Generally speaking, it is not a problem.
99.    On the whole – ogólnie rzecz biorąc – On the whole, it is a quite good idea.
100.    Lastly – wreszcie, w końcu – …and lastly it is the most popular programme.

Multimedialne fiszki pomogą Wam zapamiętać te zwroty:

100 zwrotów, które musisz znać pisząc po angielsku – Engleash.net (cz.1 Przedstawianie argumentów) 
100 zwrotów, które musisz znać pisząc po angielsku – Engleash.net (cz.2 zwroty uzasadniające) 
100 zwrotów, które musisz znać pisząc po angielsku – Engleash.net (cz.3 wyrażanie opinii) 
100 zwrotów, które musisz znać pisząc po angielsku – Engleash.net (cz.4 Zgadzanie się) 
100 zwrotów, które musisz znać pisząc po angielsku – Engleash.net (cz.5 niezgadzanie się) 
100 zwrotów, które musisz znać pisząc po angielsku – Engleash.net (cz.6 precyzowanie danej myśli) 
100 zwrotów, które musisz znać pisząc po angielsku – Engleash.net (cz.7 wyrażanie różnic) 
100 zwrotów, które musisz znać pisząc po angielsku – Engleash.net (cz.8 zwroty podsumowujące)


 

Przedstawianie kolejnych argumentów:

1.To begin with – na początek – To begin with, you have to remember that…

2.First of all/ firstly/ secondly – przede wszystkim/ po pierwsze/ po drugie – Firstly, it’s not true that…

3.As for – co do – As for functions, there are all of them.

4.As regards – co się tyczy – As regards the introduced options, they are very useful.

5.Then – poza tym, następnie – I agree and then there is another aspect.

6.Besides – zresztą, oprócz tego – It’s too long and besides I don’t like the author’s style.

7.What’s more – co więcej – His attitude is wrong and what’s more, he seems to be a layman.

8.Further – co więcej – Further, the author has to reconsider his claims.

9.Furthermore – ponadto – Furthermore, I neglect such a view.

10.Moreover – ponadto – The idea is not reasonable and moreover it’s unreal.

Uzasadnianie:

11.Thus – tak więc – Thus, the whole project cannot be implemented.

12.Thereby – tym samym – He broke all the rules and thereby, he was expelled.

13.Therefore – dlatego (też) – Profits, therefore, were down last time.

14.Because – ponieważ – I argue with you because you are completely wrong.

15.Since – ponieważ – I decided to write it since I was asked to do so.

16.As – gdyż –As you always come too late, I decided not to wait for you.

17.Accordingly – z tego powodu, w związku z tym – He won the election and accordingly he bacame a chairman.

18.In consequence – w konsekwencji – He did it and in consequence he was on time.

19.Hence – stąd, w związku z tym, dlatego też – He had credentials and hence they employed him.

Wyrażanie opinii:

20.I would say that – powiedziałbym, że – I would say that such a view is unacceptable.

21.It seems to me that – wydaje mi się, że – It seems to me that his arguments are difficult to prove.

22.In my opinion – moim zdaniem – In my opinion, it is not worth its price.

23.I am of the opinion that – jestem zdania, że – I am of the opinion that it is impossible.

24.I am of the view that – uważam, że – I am of the view that it is very probable.

25.As for – co do, jeśli chodzi o – As for me, I would have done it.

26.To my mind – według mnie – To my mind, it is nonsense.

27.As far as I know – Z tego, co wiem – As far as I know it works in a different way.

28.As far as I am concerned – jeśli o mnie chodzi – As far as I am concerned they can do what they want.

29.According to (sb) – według (kogoś innego niż ja) – According to the author…

30.I reckon (that) – uważam, że – I reckon these allegations are unjustified.

31.I opine (that) – uważam, że – I opine that such a statement is ridiculous.

32.I hold the view that – reprezentuję pogląd/zdanie, że –I hold the view that it cannot be correct.

33.From sb’s standpoint – z czyjegoś punktu widzenia – Try to think of it from my standpoint.

34.I think (that) – uważam, że – I think the authors exaggerate.

35.I have every reason to believe that – mam wszelkie powody, by sądzić, że –I have every reason to believe that it could not happen for real.

36.Judging from/by – sądząc po – Judging from the facts it is possible.

37.I suppose (that) – sądzę, że – I suppose he did not consider the elementary rules.

38.I guess (that) – zgaduję, że – I guess he wrote it himself.

39.I claim (that) – twierdzę/utrzymuję, że – He claims he followed the instructions.

40.I assert that – twierdzę/zapewniam, że – I assert that the thesis is to be substantiated.

41.I maintain (that) – upieram się/obstaję przy tym, że – He maintained his Innocencie.

42.I consider sb (to be) – I cinsider the author (to be) a great novelist.

43.I believe (that) – sądzić, uważać, przypuszczać – I believe (that) this conclusion is legitimate.

44.

Zgadzanie się:

45.I agree – zgadzam się – I agree with you.

46.I accept – akceptuję – I accept these arguments.

47.Be correct – zgadzać się, być prawidłowym – Your thinking is correct.

48.Tally with – zgadzać się z – it tallies with my calculations.

49.Be positive – być przekonanym – He is positive that they did it.

50.Confirm – potwierdzać – I confirm his arguments.

51.Approve of – aprobować – I approve of his conclusions.

52.Support – popierać – I support the solution he suggested.

53.I am in sympathy with sb – popieram kogoś – I am in sympathy with the author.

54.I sympathise with – sympatyzuję z – I sympathise with his opinion.

Niezgadzanie się:

55.I disagree – nie zgadzam się – I disagree with you.

56.I protest against – protestuję przeciwko – I protest against such behaviour.

57.Reject – odrzucać, nie akceptować – I reject this ideology.

58.I negate – neguję – I negate such thinking.

59.Disapprove of – nie pochwalać, potępiać – I disapprove of such thinking.

60.Oppose – sprzeciwiać się – I had to openly opposehim because he was completely wrong.

61.Object – sprzeciwiać się – I object to be called in such a way.

62.I differ with sb – nie zgadzam się z kimś – I differ with him on this issue.

Precyzowanie danej myśli:

63.What I mean is that – chcę powiedzieć, że – What I mean is that it is not going to be easy.

64.I mean (to say) – to znaczy – His approach is inappropriate, I mean (to say) it lacks theoretical basis.

65.What I am getting at is (that) – chodzi mi o to, że – What I am getting at is (that) you are not being realistic.

66.The point is (that) – chodzi o to, że – The point is (that) I just cannot agree.

67.In other words – inaczej mówiąc- In other word, the software is full of bugs.

68.That is to say – to znaczy, czyli – Sociolinguistics, that is to say the study of a language in a society is often underestimated.

69.Make oneself clear – wyrażać się jasno – I will make myself clear.

70.I will put it this way – ujmę to w ten sposób – I will put it this way, If you want to succeed you have to concentrate on your goals.

Wyrażanie różnic:

71.Actually – faktycznie, w rzeczywistości – It is a well known fact, actually.

72.In fact – faktycznie, de facto – In fact, I am completely against your suggestion.

73.In a way – w pewnym sensie – I know your thinking is not correct, but in a way, I can understand such reasoning.

74.To a certain extent – do pewnego stopnia – I agree with the author to a certain extent, but…

75.Anyway – w każdym razie, tak czy inaczej – anyway, I think that…

76.As a rule – z reguły – As a rule, he is never wrong.

77.On the one hand – z jednej strony – On the one hand, it is what I need.

78.On the other hand – z drugiej strony – On the other hand, it is too complicated.

79.Still – jednak – The novel is hard to read; still, it is interesting.

80.Yet – jednak, mimo to – She is not a mathematician and yet her skills are amusing.

81.However – jednak(że) – I usually drink coffee. Today, however, I am having a cup of tea.

82.On the contrary – przeciwnie – He is not tall, on the contrary, he is really short.

83.In spite of – (po)mimo – In spite of evidence, they did not believe him.

84.Nevertheless – pomimo to, niemniej jednak – Nevertheless, it is still valued by scholars.

85.Nonetheless – pomimo to, niemniej jednak – Nonetheless, it is important to him.

86.Notwithstanding – jednakże, mimo wszystko, mimo to – He is a decent man, notwithstanding I do not like him.

87.In contrast to/with – w odróznieniu od – In contrast to his father he is very famous.

88.But – (a) mimo to, (a) jednak – The story is strange but true.

89.But then (again) – ale z drugiej strony, ale przecież – But then such methods are practical.

Podsumowywanie:

90.Finally – wreszcie, w końcu – Finally, I would like to concentrate on the main issue.

91.In short – krótko mówiąć – In short, it was outrageous.

92.All things considered – w sumie – All things considered, he is a happy man.

93.To sum up – podsumowując – To sum up, there are advantages and disadvantages.

94.To recap – podsumowując – To recap, it can be accepted.

95.To conclude – na zakończenie – To conclude, the translator domesticated the story.

96.In conclusion – kończąc – I would like to say in conclusion, that I admire them.

97.As a conclusion – kończąc – As a conclusion we may quote the poet…

98.Generally speaking – ogólnie rzecz biorąc – Generally speaking, it is not a problem.

99.On the whole – ogólnie rzecz biorąc – On the whole, it is a quite good idea.

100.Lastly – wreszcie, w końcu – …and lastly it is the most popular programme.